Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) is a disease of the eye in which the central portion of the retina, the macula, begins to break down and deteriorate. It can cause dramatic loss of central vision with some patients experiencing a blind spot in the center of their vision. There are two forms of ARMD, dry and wet. Wet ARMD involves leaking of fluid and blood beneath the retina causing sudden changes in vision. Dry ARMD often progresses at a slower rate although over time it can also cause significant vision loss as well. ARMD is known to have a genetic component with family members at an increased risk of the disease. ARMD is also known to be related to UV exposure from the sun and smoking. These risks can be minimized by wearing sunglasses starting at a young age and stopping smoking. Certain patients are at an increased risk of ARMD including those with fair skin and lighter colored eyes. Should you have ARMD, your doctor may recommend eye vitamins which have been shown to decrease the risk of developing wet ARMD or they may recommend other treatments including eye injections. Our doctors recommend an eye exam every year to monitor for ARMD, especially if there is a family history of the disease. Our comprehensive eye exams include dilation of the eyes and monitoring for ARMD. Digital retinal photography is also recommended to better monitor for subtle changes that could indicate early ARMD. Call our office today to schedule your comprehensive eye exam including monitoring for ARMD.